Coffee culture is almost like a science. What we see and know about coffee, is just a foreword to an in depth subject. Diving into the nuances, there are a so many types of coffee, it’s sometimes hard to keep track. However, let’s just look at the 2 most prominent types of coffee that usually land into your cup- Arabica and Robusta.
Physically, the Arabica bean is more oval with a central zig-zag partition. The Robusta bean is rounder with a straight canter partition.
Essentially, the two types of coffee have significant differences in the way they taste, their growing conditions and price.
Arabica coffee is highly acidic in nature and is on the sweeter, softer and more delicate end of the spectrum. On the other hand, Robusta coffee is bolder and can be overwhelmingly harsh on the palette. Arabica coffee plants are delicate, susceptible to pests and grow only on high altitudes. They also take relatively longer to mature and produce crop. Whereas, Robusta coffee plants are hardy, thrive on low altitudes and produce a lot more crop per plant. Due to this, Arabica coffee is priced higher than Robusta coffee.
Arabica coffee is considered to have a lesser concentration of caffeine as compared to Robusta coffee that has almost double the amount of caffeine content. The Arabica bean has the ability to imbibe the flavours of plantations that grow beside them. For example, Arabica coffee beans derived from plantations that are grown alongside Mandarin trees, have citrusy endnotes. Or those grown around vanilla, are seen to have a vanilla-y flavour to them.
In general, Arabica coffee is way more versatile than Robusta coffee. Arabica beans have the ability to acquire supporting flavours that make it more than just a beverage to consume. Each Arabica bean’s cup of coffee is an experience in itself.